The Musgrave Research Farm provides productive, arable land for applied agricultural research, teaching and extension with a focus on field crops and soil science research. The 450-acre farm uses about 100 acres for crop research with another approximately 250 acres for production crops, such as field grain corn, winter wheat, soybeans and hay. The production crops are sold to supplement cost of facility operations. To maximize yield, crops are rotated between research and production areas. Ten acres at Musgrave Research Farm are certified organic by NOFA-NY Certified Organic, LLC, with another five acres in transition.
The farm is located close to Aurora, 27 miles north of Cornell's Ithaca campus in Cayuga County, the county with the most corn, hay, and soybean acres in New York. The soils are high-pH glacial tills, which are representative of the highly productive soils in the state. Musgrave Research Farm provides an excellent location for research and outreach for Cornell researchers and many of the recommendations in the Cornell Guide for Integrated Field Crop Management emanate from research conducted at the farm.
Significant facility improvements on the farm include a nine million gallon irrigation pond, new field house, installation of approximately 100,000 feet of drainage tile, and a bucket elevator and bin dryer for grains.